Japanese sword (the real), the Japan -specific blacksmith was made by the process sword is a generic term for a class.
Swords, in Japan Kofun era had been made from the previous, generally what is referred to as a Japanese sword is, Heian period there is a blade on one side of the blade there is a warp in which the mainstream later appeared at the end swords things .
Depending on the size, it is classified as a sword ( sword / sword ), ward (side finger), dagger . In a broad sense, long volumes , Naginata , swords , spears, etc. are also included.
The famous Japanese sword, the Japanese national treasure ” Daitsutsumitaira “, Demon Blade ” Muramasa “, ” thunder off “, Hideyoshi Toyotomi of love sword ” Phase one vibration “, ” world five sword ” and referred five Sword ( National Treasure ” Doji off “, ” crescent SoKon”, ” ōtenta “, important cultural property ” rosary circle “, imperial treasures ” Kunitsuna Onimaru”), and the like. For details see the Japanese swords list .
Along with the role as a weapon from ancient times , beautiful figures have a symbolic meaning, and many items are highly valued as artobjects. But there are many swords that have been lost. It was honored as a proof of authority in an ancestral lineage. There are also cases sometimes referred to as samurai. Its feature is that it is made of the steel that was trained in the “turn-back exercise method” and the structure that the blade and the basket ( stem , center) are united. On the stem, there is a hole (nail hole) for fixing the blade in the handle with nail nails (rarely a sword for dedication and no eye nail hole). Also, unlike swords of other countries, Japanese swords are characterized by the artistic value of the blade itself aside from the exterior (bamboo).
“Japanese sword” called designation
“Japanese sword” is originally a designation when viewed from outside Japan [Note 1] . In ancient Japan, it is called “Katana” or “Sword (Ken Tsurugi)” and does not use the designation “Japanese sword”. In addition, it is sometimes called ” seriously ” against a wooden sword , a bamboo sword, and a simulated sword .
The designation “Japanese sword” is seen in “Japanese sword song” of Ouyanga , a poet of Northern Song . In this poem, the merchant of Yue ( South China ) has been singing artistic viewpoints such as going to buy Japanese swords that were already called jewelry at that time and also their exterior and appearance. The beauty of the Japanese sword has already been accepted by overseas goodwill parties in the latter half of the Heian period – early Kamakura period , indicating that it was considered as one of export items.
The name “Japanese sword” is a generic name of Japanese unique swords different from swords outside Japan, and it was after the end of the Tokugawa period that it widespread as a general name for Japanese . Before that it was common to call in small classifications such as “sword sword (in there)” or “sword”